Saturday, October 29, 2011

main power and standby power of Diesel Generator ?

To know more about diesel generators,go through this details:---
The main power of diesel generator sets, also known as a long line of continuous power or power in the country, are generally used to identify the primary use of diesel power generating units, and in the international
Is the use of backup power, also known as the maximum power to identify a diesel generator on the market often irresponsible manufacturers as a continuous power with maximum power to introduce and sell
Sale of the unit, causing many users misunderstand the concept of the two.
Diesel generators in our country is the main power that is continuous with the nominal power to the generator set to 24 hours continuous use maximum power is called continuous
Power, and in a period of time, the standard is every 12 hours with 1 hour of continuous power overload on the basis of 10%, then the unit power is what we usually call
The maximum power that backup power, that is, if you purchased the unit primary 400kw Diesel Generator Set, then you within 12 hours, 1 hours to run to 440kw,
If you purchased the unit 400kw standby, if you do not overload are usually open at 400kw, in fact, the unit has been opened in the overload state (because the actual rated power unit
Rate of only 360KW), this unit is very unfavorable, will shorten the life of the unit and the resulting failure rate increased.


The Muffler of Diesel Generator SetFirst, the room started out silencer:
Each room has at least one or more of entry, from the mute point of view, the engine room door should not be too much, the general set up a gate, a small gate area as no more than 3 square meters, the structure of the metal as a framework, high-strength insulation material attached to the internal and external to the metal iron, the walls and door frames and door silencers work closely with up and down.
Second, the diesel engine air intake system, muffler:
Diesel engine work, should have sufficient intake to maintain normal operation of the unit, the general air intake system should be set in the unit opposite the fan exhaust port, based on our experience, the use of force into the air inlet means into the air through the air silencer slot is pumped into the engine room blowers.
Third, diesel engine exhaust system silencer:
Diesel engine water tank cooling system, fan, radiator heat must be discharged outside the room, outside the room to avoid noise Zhuanchu must set the exhaust silencer on the exhaust air duct system.
Fourth, outside the engine room exhaust system silencer:
Diesel exhaust duct for the exhaust silencer exhaust silencer after the noise outside the room is still high, the exhaust must be set up outside the room for air duct silencer silencer to minimize the noise, the silencer duct external to brick structure, the interior is sound-absorbing panels.
Fifth, diesel engine exhaust muffler system:
Emissions from diesel engines work a certain noise, emissions in units of the addition of a consumer speaker system, while the exhaust muffler pipe for fire-resistant mineral wool materials are to be wrapped, not only can reduce the heat to the engine room crew, and vibration can reduce the unit's work, so as to achieve noise attenuation purposes.
The above mentioned details will help you to understand your generators power system.


Water Cooled Diesel Generator?

Go through this details to understand the working of water cooled diesel generators.
How to make diesel and use in cooling water maintained at a certain temperature or cooling it to play a normal role in the timely replacement of the water use cycle, in the course of the protection of diesel generator sets, will not make the unit temperature is too high, the following details
Use clean soft water
Soft water usually has rain, snow and water, these minerals contain less water, suitable for diesel engine use well water, spring water and mineral content of tap water is high, these mineral deposits prone to heat and water in the tank wall diesel generator sets and waterways wall material and the formation of scale and corrosion, deterioration of the diesel engine cooling capacity, easily lead to engine overheating by adding water to clean the water contains impurities water shut-off Road, increased wear of pump impellers and other parts if you use hard water softening treatment to be carried out, softening of the methods usually have heating and adding lye (caustic soda commonly used method
Do not add water after the first start
In order to facilitate starting of the diesel generator sets in the winter, or because of distant water sources, individual drivers often take water after starting the first method, this method is very harmful to dry after starting the engine, because the body is no cooling water, engine parts heat up quickly, especially cylinders cover and diesel injector water jacket outside the temperature is particularly high and, if you then add the cooling water, cylinder head and water jacket is easy due to quench cracks or deformation while the diesel engine temperature is too high, it will make a great damage for the diesel generator sets ,the engine should be lifted idling speed after the load, when coupled with the cooling water temperature is normal
Boil" when, to prevent burns
Tank "boil", do not blindly open the radiator cap to prevent burns correct approach is: first off the diesel engine idling for a while longer diesel generator sets the engine temperature decreases, the pressure dropped after the tank cover and then unscrew the screw when the water or wipe with a towel cloth car cover on the lid to prevent hot water, steam spray to the face, the body must not be the first tank is looking down on, unscrew the hand quickly withdrawn, to be without heat, steam, and then remove the radiator cap to prevent burns
Winter heating water
Cold winter, the diesel generator sets hard to start, if you can easily start in cold water before filling with water during or at the end of the increase of water did not start in time, the water in the tank room and into the water table prone to freezing, causing the water not circulating, crack filling up even the hot water tank, on the one hand can increase the temperature of the engine easy to start; the other hand, may try to avoid the freezing phenomenon
Antifreeze to quality
Antifreeze on the market of varying quality, many are shoddy antifreeze preservative free will within the severe corrosion if the diesel engine cylinder head, water jacket, radiator, water blocking ring, rubber and other components, while producing large scale, the engine cooling efficiency, resulting in engine overheating fault so be sure to use regular factory product.
Replenish water softener
After filling the tank antifreeze, if we find lower tank liquid level, to ensure no leakage under the premise of simply filling a clean soft water (distilled water better), because the general use of high boiling point glycol-based antifreeze , evaporation of the antifreeze in the water, do not need to add antifreeze and can only raise water softener is worth mentioning: do not soften the hard water without filling. This is a good way for the diesel generator sets to run well.
Timely discharge of antifreeze to reduce corrosion
Whether ordinary or long-acting type of antifreeze antifreeze, the temperature becomes too high, should be promptly released, thus preventing corrosion of parts to increase because of the preservatives added antifreeze with the use of time will gradually reduce or failure, even worse, some simply do not add preservatives, which will have a very strong corrosive effect for the diesel generator sets, and should therefore be released in time according to the temperature of antifreeze, and in response to cooling after the release of antifreeze Road to conduct a thorough cleaning
Water regularly, cleaning pipe
Frequently changes the cooling water is not recommended, because the cooling water use over time, the minerals have been precipitated, unless the water has been dirty, clogged pipes and radiators may be outside, do not easily replaced, because even if the new replacement of the cooling water through the softening, but also contains certain minerals, these minerals will deposit on the water jacket, etc. and the formation of scale, the more ground water exchange, precipitation of minerals, the more, the thicker scale, and should therefore be based on the actual situation periodic replacement of the cooling water cooling lines in the replacement should be cleaned, cleaning fluid in the diesel generator sets can be used caustic soda, kerosene and water, while the preparation and maintenance of the drain switch, especially in the winter before, the timely replacement of the damaged switch, not bolts, sticks, rags and other alternative
To open the radiator cap when the drain
Turn on the water if you do not open the radiator cap when the cooling water can flow though a part of, but with the reduction of water inside the radiator, because the tank closed, would produce a certain degree of vacuum, leaving the water flow slows or stops, do not turn on the water in winter due to the net The frozen parts
Should not immediately turn on the water at high temperature
Turn off the engine before, if the engine temperature is high, do not stop immediately turn on the water, the load should be shed to make it idle until the temperature dropped to 40-50 °C and then turn on the water when, to prevent contact with water cylinder, cylinder head, water cover the outer surface temperature due to a sudden sharp turn on the water and drop in a sharp contraction, and the temperature inside the diesel generator sets is also very high, shrinking small, vulnerable to large temperature difference between inside and outside leaving the cylinder block, cylinder head cracks
After the engine to idle winter drainage
In the cold winter, let the diesel engine cooling water should start the engine to idle after a few minutes, mainly due to turn on the water after the water pump and other parts may be some residual moisture, after starting again, the body of the diesel generator sets temperature can be dried by the water pump, etc. residual moisture, to ensure that the engine is no water in the pump to prevent freezing and tear caused by seal leakage phenomenon.
The above details will help you to understand the generator better.

PLC in Automatic Diesel Generator ?

To know benefits of PLC in automatic diesel generators.Go through the details mentioned below:---

Automatic Diesel Generator Set with PLC has many advantages, it is mainly controlled by software, thus eliminating the need for hardware development, little external circuit, greatly improving the reliability of the system and anti-jamming capability; because of its simple programmable program features without changing the system's external hardware connection, will be able to change the system control requirements, the system of "soft" greatly improved.
Main functions :
Automated Diesel Generator Set as a backup power supply, should have the following basic features:
(1) Automatic start
When the mains power failure (power failure, under-voltage, over-voltage, phase), the Diesel Generator Set can automatically start, auto-acceleration, automatic switch, power to the load.
(2) automatic shutdown
When the electricity returned and judged normal, control switch, complete power to the utility of automatic switching and control unit deceleration, idle running 3 minutes automatic shutdown.
(3) automatic protection
Unit during operation, if there is low oil pressure, over-speed, abnormal voltage failure, the emergency stop, and audible alarm signal, if there is a high temperature, high oil temperature fault. The audible alarm signal, through delay, the normal shutdown.
(4) three-start function
There are three units start, if unsuccessful the first time you start, the 10-second delay after the start again, if the second start is not successful, then the delay after the third start. Three times as long as there is a successful start on a pre-set program to run down; start three times if not successful, as a start-up failure, audible alarm, you can also control another unit start.
(5) starts automatically to maintain quasi-state
Diesel Generator Set can automatically maintain the quasi-active. At this point, the unit automatically periodic pre-oil system, oil and water, automatic heating system, automatic battery charging device to work.
(6) Power function with maintenance
When the Diesel Generator Set does not start when a long time, can be maintenance boot, to check the performance and status of the unit. Maintenance of power does not affect the normal electricity supply, in the maintenance of the boot if mains failure occurs, the system will automatically switch to normal power supply unit by the state.
(7) with manual and automatic modes of operation.
Control system hardware design
According to the automated Diesel Generator Set control requirements, required the PLC 11 input points, output points is 12. System is basically the amount of control switch, voltage and speed is only analog, in order to reduce costs, through the detection circuit can convert the analog switch, so that you can use without analog inputs of the PLC. The system chosen C28P-CDR-D small programmable logic controller, high reliability, small size, the input count of 16, the output points to 12. Power, input and output voltages are 24VDC.
Control system programming
When the automation unit switch to the automatic position, the Diesel Generator Set in a quasi-active. PLC of electricity for uninterrupted cycle of testing, pre-feed pump to the engine oil periodically road oil, diesel engine cooling water and oil temperature to ensure the emergency unit at launch. Start in the quasi-state, once the mains power failure occurs, under-voltage, over-voltage, and lack of equal fault, and after 5 seconds to confirm, PLc control unit automatically starts automatically increases the speed to the rated speed, automatic protection of investment. When the Diesel Generator Set is working properly, the control switch to switch to the power generation state, the unit switch on power to the load. When the electricity returned to normal, after a delay of 5 seconds to confirm, disconnect the unit output switch, toggle switch controls power to the city state, the unit automatically slow down to idle, normal operation automatically shut down after 3 minutes, the Diesel Generator Set in a quasi-active.
According to the automated process control units and input and output allocation table may be prepared as a PLC control ladder.
Conclusion
Using PLC control automatic Diesel Generator Set, simple hardware, technical and economic indicators is good, through the use of different units, high reliability, the program to make some modifications to meet the control requirements of different users.

The above mentioned details will help you to know and understand more about Automatic diesel generators.


Large Power Generation?

Requirement of power is very much necessary.But how this power generating units actually working.If you know about this, then you can fulfill the requirements of power.Go through the details,that will help you.
Generally speaking, rotor is not a permanent magnet (ordinary magnet), to make it easier to obtain and control the magnetic field strength, in fact, the rotor is the electromagnet.
Large generators are 3-phase alternator, in order to increase power generation capacity, generator output voltage is usually a few thousand volts, and this according to P = UI can make the current drop to reduce the conductor loss.
The stator has three windings, respectively, placed in 120-degree angle, so that three windings of the two endpoints of one, tied together, is the neutral line (zero line) while the other three windings of the other endpoint line, compared to phase (FireWire)
And the rotor is usually 2-6 pole rotor, the rotor poles directly determines the power frequency, but the Chinese power is 50HZ, which will cut 50 times per second the magnetic induction lines, or 3,000 times per minute, cutting said magnetic induction lines. At this time, if it is a unipolar (only one magnet rotor) would need 3000 rpm spin speed, then if you use 2 pole, only to switch to 1500. 6-pole only need to switch to 500 .
Each of these poles is a winding, brush them through and by the ring (not a commutator, is a ring, let the power flow into the rotor to play but does not affect the operation of the function of the rotor) will send the stator out of the power of a small part, rectified to the rotor excitation. As long as the control excitation current, you can control the magnetic field strength, the control power voltage and current.
Even if there is no current flows through the coil, the motor also has a small amount of remanence (residual magnetism, which is a small amount of magnetic steel) and then just up and running, even if given a little bit of the stator electric voltage can also be slow to establish, then build current to operate the new unit or if it is a little residual magnetism did not, and can take an external power supply for excitation, so the voltage built up and become self-excitation.
How the Large generators make power.:
Laboratory generators, often used as a permanent magnet stators (ordinary magnets), so that the rotor operation, the rotor conductors cut the magnetic induction lines and power generation, the electricity passed by the ring .It has 2 of each winding ring, usually the laboratory on a winding, so to achieve power generation , of course, plenty of two windings, in order to get the DC you need to use a commutator. Otherwise, if the direct use by the ring, the electricity is alternating current.
Obviously, the efficiency of large units is certainly higher than the laboratory.
To put it simply, if your generator power of up to several megawatts (millions of watts) of capacity, so if you use the ring to be output power, this equipment will be heavily loaded, while good may be due to poor contact caused by the unstable voltage and current, while the spark is a loss. That is the reason why there are sparks, electrical energy is lost through heat loss.
Therefore, the stator unit of large-scale power generation mode makes it more economic, more stable, higher capacity, and more efficient. Thus the unit is the current power plant, including small gasoline generators.

The above mentioned details will point you towards right direction.

Wednesday, October 26, 2011

1996 Camry intermittent engine failure while idle?

If that's the case then there are two things to look at. The MAF (mass air flow) sensor and TPS (throttle position sensor) can be faulty. If one of them is faulty the vehicle tends to have an erratic idle, sluggish take off and may even result to stalling. Once the following is replaced you'll be good.


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For more car related problem troubleshooting:---

This are the sections, you can go through and click the link to read its troubleshooting.

---------

The car will not start?

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Car will not crank?


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Car has no spark?


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How to troubleshoot car battery?

-----------------

How to test starter solenoid?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-starter-solenoid.html

--------------------

How to test cars starter?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-cars-starter.html

How to replace starter in car?



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car will turn over but will not start?



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Car wont start?


Engine quits at idle?

What you probably have is a failed Idle Air Control valve. This device is responsible for the idle speed, and, if and when it is defective, your car will not idle. We would sugges that you have the Idle Air Control valve replace; this is a very common problem when nearing 100K miles, if your IAC valve is original.



For more car related problem troubleshooting:---

This are the sections, you can go through and click the link to read its troubleshooting.

---------

The car will not start?

-----------------

Car will not crank?


-----------

Car has no spark?


-------------

How to troubleshoot car battery?

-----------------

How to test starter solenoid?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-starter-solenoid.html

--------------------

How to test cars starter?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-cars-starter.html

How to replace starter in car?



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car will turn over but will not start?



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Car wont start?


Location of MAF sensor on 1998 toyota 4runner?

The MAF (on any Toyota) is located in the tube between the air filter box and the intake manifold/throttle body on the engine. It is a black device with a wire connector, and is held on by two screws.
Replace it with original part,instead of aftermarket parts.



For more car related problem troubleshooting:---

This are the sections, you can go through and click the link to read its troubleshooting.

---------

The car will not start?

-----------------

Car will not crank?


-----------

Car has no spark?


-------------

How to troubleshoot car battery?

-----------------

How to test starter solenoid?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-starter-solenoid.html

--------------------

How to test cars starter?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-cars-starter.html

How to replace starter in car?



-----------

car will turn over but will not start?



-----------------

Car wont start?


Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Auxiliary belt tensioner on AUDI

See diagram below showing this all details.
A - crankshaft
B - alternator
D - power steering
E - belt tensioning damper
F - refrigerant compressor
G - tensioning roller
3 - ribbed V-belt 17,65 x 1432 mm. Partnumber: 038903137T
4 - ribbed V-belt 14,12 x 855 mm. Partnumber: 038260849 



------------

For more car related problem troubleshooting:---

This are the sections, you can go through and click the link to read its troubleshooting.

---------

The car will not start?

-----------------

Car will not crank?


-----------

Car has no spark?


-------------

How to troubleshoot car battery?

-----------------

How to test starter solenoid?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-starter-solenoid.html

--------------------

How to test cars starter?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-cars-starter.html

How to replace starter in car?



-----------

car will turn over but will not start?



-----------------

Car wont start?




AUDI rpm sensor?

For Diesel and also for Otto engines on 2004 Audi A4, this rpm sensor (impulse sender - crankshaft) is placed on the bottom left back side of the cylinder block. 


See the diagram shown below.The red arrow is point towards it.



This should give some help.



For more car related problem troubleshooting:---

This are the sections, you can go through and click the link to read its troubleshooting.

---------

The car will not start?

-----------------

Car will not crank?


-----------

Car has no spark?


-------------

How to troubleshoot car battery?

-----------------

How to test starter solenoid?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-starter-solenoid.html

--------------------

How to test cars starter?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-cars-starter.html

How to replace starter in car?



-----------

car will turn over but will not start?



-----------------

Car wont start?


EPC light ON AUDI?



Lots of parts testing is required.

The best idea is to scan your Engine Control Unit with a VAG-COM, Bosch KTS, ... diagnosis tool. If you have one of these dedicated scan tools you will find definitely the engine fault code-"P...." and the clear description of the error. Also you can try to erase this error (or these errors) from the Engine Control Unit memory. If errors are "sporadic" type you certain have permission to erase them, also for some kinds of "static" errors. Because your Engine "MIL" - Malfunction Indicator Lamp keeps coming "ON" and "OFF" you have a big good hand to clean errors from Engine Management System memory. If you don't have any diagnosis tool, you can also try something else. For check up if the engine have a proper turn, you can successively disconnect each spark plug coil from the engine wiring system, engine idle, car stationary. When you operating this you must be free of chassis ground (battery ground)!!! When you disconnect a spark plug coil and the engine speed (rpm) drops, that means this coil works properly. When one coil disconnected and engine speed (rpm) still remain unaltered, this coil (or spark plug) is out of order. First you can change only the spark plug and check up again. If no changes the coil is defective and must be replaced.

I recommend change all spark plugs on the engine, and after that check up coils.This will help to confirm the problem.

-----------

For more car related problem troubleshooting:---
This are the sections, you can go through and click the link to read its troubleshooting.

---------

The car will not start?

-----------------

Car will not crank?


-----------

Car has no spark?


-------------

How to troubleshoot car battery?

-----------------

How to test starter solenoid?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-starter-solenoid.html

--------------------

How to test cars starter?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-cars-starter.html

How to replace starter in car?



-----------

car will turn over but will not start?



-----------------

Car wont start?




Automatic transmission fluid on AUDI tiptronic?

For automatic transmission fluid draining and checking.Go through this procedure.

At the bottom of the automatic gearbox (tiptronic) you will find 2 threaded plugs on below surface. First (in front of the car) is for emptying, and second is for filling up. Tightening torque is 24 Nm.

Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) checking:
1. Requirements for check:
1.1. Vehicle standing on level surface.
1.2. Transmission must not be in fail-safe mode.
1.3. Shift lever in "P" position, parking brake applied.
1.4. Engine idling.
1.5. Air Conditioner and heater OFF.
1.6. ATF temperature must not exceed 104 Fahrenheit degree (40 Celsius degree) at start of test.
1.7. Only ATF with designation ESSO LT 71 141 may be used. Do not use any lubricant additives.
1.8. Automatic Transmission Fluid ATF - part number: G 052 162 A2 (1 liter wrapping)
1.9. An ATF level check when transmission oil temperature is too low results in overfilling, when too high results in underfilling.
2. CAUTION: Too much or too little ATF will affect the operation of the transmission. The ATF level must be checked at regular intervals. 
3. The oil level is correct if a slight amount of oil runs out when ATF temperature is between 86 Fahrenheit degree (30 Celsius degree) and 113 F deg (45 C deg) (caused by increase of oil level when heated). For warmer climates, 122 F deg (50 C deg).
4. Hang filled ATF reservoir VAG 1924 as high as possible.
5. Shift lever in "P" position, engine running at idle.
6. Place oil drip pan under transmission oil pan.
7. Remove ATF filler plug (at the bottom of the automatic gearbox you will find 2 threaded plugs on below surface. First (in front of the car) is for emptying, and second is for filling up.
8. With ATF temperature between 86 Fahrenheit degree (30 Celsius degree) and 113 F deg (45 C deg), for warmer climates, 122 F deg (50 C deg), a slight amount of oil will flow from filler hole when ATF level is correct.
9. If necessary drain or top off ATF to attain correct oil level. Top ATF with filler hook from VAG 1924 ATF reservoir. Insert VAG 1924 (tool) ATF reservoir filler hook into filler hole and top off until a slight amount of oil flows from filler hole.
NOTE: Fit filler hook into one of the oil deflector cap slots placed on the filler opening.
CAUTION: Do not press filler hook upward or oil deflector cap can be pushed off.
10. Reinstall ATF filler plug. Tightening torque is 24 Nm.



This mentioned details will help you.


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For more car related problem troubleshooting:---

This are the sections, you can go through and click the link to read its troubleshooting.

---------

The car will not start?

-----------------

Car will not crank?


-----------

Car has no spark?


-------------

How to troubleshoot car battery?

-----------------

How to test starter solenoid?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-starter-solenoid.html

--------------------

How to test cars starter?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-cars-starter.html

How to replace starter in car?



-----------

car will turn over but will not start?



-----------------

Car wont start?




Thermostat on AUDI 1.9 TDI?

 The thermostat location is on back of alternator at the bottom side of the bracket. IMPORTANT: It is NOT necessary to replace the alternator if you want to change the thermostat !!!
Thermostat checking:
1. Cold engine. Start up the engine and watch of the water temp indicator. After first value 60 Celsius Degree you still warm up the engine until the lifter (pointer) reach 80 C deg. (second mark after 60 C deg.). At this time you let engine running at idle speed and check with your hand the thermostat plastic housing and hose temperature in bottom left side of the engine. Heed of alternator driving belt and ventilator fan !!!
2. If the thermostat is good the hose must be cold until the water temp indicator reach almost 90 C deg.
3. The thermostat opening temperature is 87 C deg.
4. If the hose is already warm the thermostat is out of order.
5. If the thermostat and the temp sender are OK the last piece out of order will be the instrument cluster.



This should give you details for thermostat.


------

For more car related problem troubleshooting:---

This are the sections, you can go through and click the link to read its troubleshooting.

---------

The car will not start?

-----------------

Car will not crank?


-----------

Car has no spark?


-------------

How to troubleshoot car battery?

-----------------

How to test starter solenoid?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-starter-solenoid.html

--------------------

How to test cars starter?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-cars-starter.html

How to replace starter in car?



-----------

car will turn over but will not start?



-----------------

Car wont start?


Replacing temperature sensor on AUDI 1.9 TDI?

The sensor  is located on back of cylinder-head near by vacuum-fuel double pump. There is an assurance clip and a rubber sealing O-ring. Heed of antifreeze solution temperature!!!
Before you try to change the sensor  you must be sure that the sensor  is out of order. First you must check the thermostat operating. Thermostat checking:
1. Cold engine. Start up the engine and watch of the water temp indicator. After first value 60 Celsius Degree you still warm up the engine until the lifter (pointer) reach 80 C deg. (second mark after 60 C deg.). At this time you let engine running at idle speed and check with your hand the thermostat plastic housing and hose temperature in bottom left side of the engine. Heed of alternator driving belt and ventilator fan !!!
2. If the thermostat is good the hose must be cold until the water temp indicator reach almost 90 C deg.
3. The thermostat opening temperature is 87 C deg.
4. If the hose is already warm the thermostat is out of order.
5. If the thermostat and the temp sensor are OK the last piece out of order will be the instrument cluster.



--------------



For more car related problem troubleshooting:---

This are the sections, you can go through and click the link to read its troubleshooting.

---------

The car will not start?

-----------------

Car will not crank?


-----------

Car has no spark?


-------------

How to troubleshoot car battery?

-----------------

How to test starter solenoid?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-starter-solenoid.html

--------------------

How to test cars starter?

http://schematicsdiagram.blogspot.com/2011/06/how-to-test-cars-starter.html

How to replace starter in car?



-----------

car will turn over but will not start?



-----------------

Car wont start?