Sunday, November 6, 2011

Why electric units fail?

There are number of possibilities.
Testing,inspecting and troubleshooting is the only way to confirm what caused the unit to fail.
When a unit faults, it will always give a Symptom, now, the Symptom is what the user is experiencing, and a symptom, is exactly that, a Symptom. Now, just like with people, there can be many, many, things that can bring about the same set of symptoms, say like fever, a fever can have any number of "Causes" from the Flu, to say Bubonic Plague... Well, just like our bodies, electronics are similar, insomuch, as The "Symptom", is only that, and the real "Cause" of the problem, is often far removed from the actual thing we experience with a failure. I have been doing this since the Valve or Tube days, and while the circuits have gotten more complex, the principles still remain the same. and as I have found, just about every problem even though they often present the exact same Symptoms, have completely differing "Causes". and repair strategies.  People often ask me "Why" one day a seemingly, working unit, spontaneously fails. Well really the answer is simple, it is the electricity going through the unit, this electricity, is constantly "Stressing" all components, some more than others, every time you turn the unit ON, there is a phenomenon called "Inrush Current" now this "Inrush Current" can be Very High, and over time this, occurrence eventually destroys some components, as well all this all components get hot, it is a function, of it working. The Thermal stresses, caused by heating up & cooling down, will eventually destroy even the hardiest components, & some are more susceptible than others. Nearly all circuitry is interconnected to each other, and a problem in one area, will often cause a problem, seemingly unrelated in another. You see the thing that fixes most units, is Experience, gained from years of actually "Doing it" and as one goes on, patterns develop that will get you into the "Area" of the problem, where you then have to test Component, check the Voltages to find the problem. Sometimes even with years of experience, it is still UN-fixable, and the cause unknown, for many reasons, often unavailability of parts. cost of parts In the "Old" days we were trained to design a Machine to last for at least 20 years usage, and design in a 40 year parts retention. However that simply is not practicable any more, and now production runs are done, with perhaps a 5 year life cycle, and without any regard for "Spares" at all. As, the manufacturer doesn't want you to "Repair" the unit, they want you to "Replace" it or "Upgrade" to a newer model. As they see it, and maybe rightfully so, that when a unit is "Fixed" it is still a "Fixed" unit. Meaning, that once, a unit has failed, once, it has stressed, almost every other component, as well, and it WILL, in all likelihood, fail again, in the not too distant future. Not all, "Fixes" will have this result but enough to warrant the "Approach" taken, right or wrong. "They" are trying to give you the "Best Deal" which to "Their" mind, is a "New" unblemished, UN-repaired, unit. (As an aside here often the units go "Faulty" before they even leave the factory, and are "Fixed" and put back into service, waste not want not?) So all in all, it is indeed a great achievement, with all things considered, that the units we all love and use so much, even go, and keep on going, at all. Now some "Repairers" use what we call a "Shotgun" approach, and that is to replace each and every component in the area they perceive the fault is. This often results in a seeming, "Fix". However IF the actual "Cause" is NOT found, then the "Symptom" will simply re-appear, as soon as those components that were replaced, break down. The proper approach, is to find the actual "Fault" and repair that, then repair any "Damage" done, that was "Caused" by said "Fault" this is the ONLY way, an effective, and long lasting repair can be made.
This details will help you to understand the problem and let you decide,whether to get the unit repaired or go for new unit.



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